South Lakeland Local Plan Review - Issues and Options Consultation 2021

Closes 29 Oct 2021

Theme 1: Tackling Climate Change (Questions 4 to 10)

Please read our chapter on tackling climate change in the Issues and Options report below.

It sets out a range of issues for us to address and presents some policy options and possible approaches.

Once you've read the chapter please answer the questions below.

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4. Which of these policy options for achieving carbon reduction in new development do you think is appropriate and why?

Policy Option 1.2: Achieving Carbon Reduction from new development

Read the policy options here

Residential Development

PO1.2/i: Await higher energy efficiency standards set nationally by Government (a 30% reduction in CO2 emissions by 2022 and a 75-80% reduction in 2025); and not set higher local standards.

PO1.2/ii: Subject to testing the impact on viability, set higher local standards: by setting higher energy effiency levels than those proposed by the Government, and/or requiring a minimum percentage of a development's operational energy requirement to be met through renewable and low-carbon energy sources,

Commercial Development

PO1.2/iii: Continue to require new major non–residential development over 1000m2 to meet the BREEAM ‘Excellent’ standard.

PO1.2/iv: Require minor non-residential developments, or conversions to residential use, to meet the most up-to-date BREEAM 'Very Good' standard as a minimum.

5. Which of these policy approaches to sustainable construction and design to mitigate climate change impacts, do you support and why?

Policy Approaches 1.3: Sustainable Construction and Design

Read the policy approaches here

PA1.3/a: Review and strengthen Core Strategy and Development Management DPD policies to where possible require (rather than simply encourage) sustainable design and construction (over and above requirements in Building Regulations) which help mitigate and adapt to the impact of climate change.

PA1.3/b: Prepare a Local Design Guide as a Supplementary Planning Document, in accordance with guidance in the National Model Design Code (when finalised), which  provides clear guidance on requirements and advice on sustainable contruction, design, and energy efficiency, to help mitigate the impacts of climate change arising from new development.

6. Which of these policy options for promoting renewable energy infrastructure do you think is appropriate and why?

Policy Options 1.4: Delivering low carbon and renewable energy infrastructure

Read the policy options here

PO1.4/i:  To retain a criteria-based policy (currently Policy DM21) supported by existing local planning guidance, to assess planning applications for low carbon and renewable energy infrastructure.

PO1.4/ii: To additionally identify suitable areas for development of low carbon and renewable energy infrastructure such as solar panels or wind turbines, taking into account technology requirements, impacts on the local environment and the views of local communities.

7. Would you like to see renewable energy schemes in your local area such as solar farms or wind turbines?
8. Do you support this policy approach to landscape resilience for the mitigation of and adaptation to climate change discussed in this section?

Policy Approaches 1.5: Promoting Resilient Landscapes

Read the policy approach here

PA1.5/a: A policy approach which encourages or requires landscape resilience measures to assist in the mitigation of and adaptation to climate change, including through: 1) natural flood management measures; 2) carbon capture, storage and off-setting; 3) the requirement for biodiversity net gain; 4) and the opportunity provided by the Local Nature Recovery Strategy pilot for Cumbria.

9. Do you support this policy approach to reviewing and updating policy on flood risk?

Policy Approaches 1.6: Flood Risk

Read the policy approach here

PA1.6/a: To take account of the latest evidence and proposals relating to flood risk in the assessment of development sites and review of Local Plan policy, in consultation with the Environment Agency and Cumbria County Council as Local Lead Flood Authority. These include an updated Strategic Flood Risk Assessment (expected mid 2021) and forthcoming work on the Kendal Flood Relief Scheme.

10. Which of these policy approaches to adapting to or mitigating the impacts of climate change do you support and why?

Policy Approaches 1.7: Other Policy Approaches relating to Climate Change

Read the policy approaches here

PA1.7/a: An overarching strategic policy on climate change, setting a target to achieve carbon neutrality in the district by 2037; and setting out the areas in which the Local Plan will seek to address climate change, including those listed in paragraph 4.1.1.2 above, and in the following areas: minimising carbon emissions; maximising carbon sequestration; and mitigating and adapting to the impacts of climate change.

PA1.7/b: Consider if there are exceptional circumstances which would allow for carbon off-setting, by which a housing developer may deliver the required carbon reduction from a development on off-site locations or through a financial contribution.

PA1.7/c: Promote the retrofitting of existing buildings, including energy efficiency measures (while recognising that much does not require planning permission).

PA1.7/d: Support community de-centralised renewable energy schemes and micro-generation.

PA1.7/e: Require applicants to submit a Sustainability Statement setting out how Local Plan policy requirements relating to climate change will be achieved, taking into consideration the impact of the scheme on other planning considerations and viability. This would include an energy statement setting out how policy requirements for energy efficiency or renewable energy requirements would be met. 

PA1.7/f: Monitor annual change in carbon dioxide emissions per person per year in South Lakeland compared to regional and national averages (carbon dioxide emissions are 7 tonnes per person per year in South Lakeland - this compares with 4.3 tonnes per person nationally and 6.5 tonnes across Cumbria.)

PA1.7/g: Monitor progress towards the Council target of South Lakeland becoming a carbon neutral district by 2037 through the regular review of the Council’s Climate Change Action Plan and joint working with the Zero Carbon Cumbria Partnership. 

PA1.7/h: Require electric vehicle chargers or the cabling ready for the installation of electric vehicle charging, in all new residential parking spaces. 

PA1.7/i: Consider the need and potential in South Lakeland to set higher local standards of construction for new homes for additional flood resilience features, either for all homes or those homes on sites which have been approved following application of the sequential test for flood risk.