South Lakeland Local Plan Review - Issues and Options Consultation 2021

Closes 29 Oct 2021

Theme 3: Thriving Market Towns, Villages and Rural Areas - Kendal (Questions 23 to 31)

Please read the Kendal chapter of the Issues and Options Report and then answer the questions below.

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23. Have we identified all the relevant strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats for Kendal?

Read the Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats

  • A key economic hub for the South Cumbria/Morecambe Bay area, including a catchment which includes the west part of Yorkshire Dales, with strong links to the Lancaster sub-regional economic hub
  • Connections to Strategic Transport Network (West Coast Mainline, and M6/A590/A591)
  • A public transport hub; Oxenholme - Lakes Line Railway, bus links to Kirkby Lonsdale, Grange-over-Sands Minthorpe, Ulverston, Lancaster and Windermere / Lake District
  • A range of employment sites and mix of employers, for example Lakeland, Gilkes and Mardix
  • A buoyant housing market, with access to a range of housing including affordable housing
  • Two secondary schools and Kendal college – education and training opportunities
  • A strong services and facilities offer focus, (retail including independents and supermarkets, health facilities, emergency services, cultural, leisure and sport facilities)
  •  A rich distinctive historic character including town centre Conservation Area and assets such as Kendal Castle
  • A significant amount of identified deliverable land in the Local Plan for employment development, including Scroggs Wood (allocated sites)
  • A good supply of sites for large housing developments including Stainbank Green, Kendal Parks and West of High Sparrowmire (allocated sites)
  • Valued open spaces within the town such as Castle Hill
  • Set within a high quality landscape, river Kent valley and proximity to Lake District National Park, a gateway visitor location


  • Congestion and capacity on town centre road network and associated issues for access to north of the town and levels of air pollution (Air Quality Management Area)
  • Walking and cycling access into the town centre constrained due to main road and river crossings, levels of traffic, narrow footways and gaps in cycle links
  • High levels of flood risk in parts of the town, notably close to the River Kent and north east parts of the town. Localised surface water flood risk throughout the town
  • Out of town centre commercial/retail development taking footfall away from town centre
  • Pockets of deprivation within the town
  • Proximity to Lake District National Park – constrains opportunity for development in the north west part of the town


  • Enhancements to the River Kent corridor as a protected habitat and walking/cycling route
  • New and enhanced existing walking and cycling routes linking existing and new development to key services and facilities, green infrastructure and public transport routes
  • Re-use and redevelopment of existing available unused buildings and premises for other uses that can boost the vitality of the town, create additional footfall into town centre, and provide more housing
  • Realise opportunities for new development as identified in the Kendal Town Centre Strategy and Vision documents (opportunity areas) to maximise use of brownfield land
  • Enhancements to existing green spaces and public realm throughout the town
  • To attract new employment development and investment into the town, possibly through cross-subsidising with housing development – widen town’s current economic base
  • Role of Northern Access Route and how it can reduce congestion in the town centre and improve experience of walkers and cyclists in the town thereby increasing number of trips made by such modes
  • Provide enhanced public transport provision through contributions from new development
  • Reduce surface and main river flooding through strategic flood schemes
  • Take advantage of town’s proximity to the National Park and surrounding environmental qualities as a place to visit and stay
  • Reduce inequalities through regeneration and investment


  • Climate change impacts – increased levels of flood risk
  • Continued increased usage of the car, further congestion and pollution
  • Changing demands for commercial and retail uses, and risk of buildings in town centre becoming unused, with reduced footfall
  • Further development on the edge of the town, more car trips and loss of greenfield land
  • Changing demands and permitted development caused by national planning policy may threaten retention of employment/commercial uses in existing employment sites
  • Potential lack of investment in social infrastructure (health, community facilities), and utilities (example sewerage)
  • Development that isn’t sensitive to the town’s distinctive characteristics, resulting in loss of identity
  • Reliance on a narrow economic base including tourism
  • Risk that employment development may not come forward without necessary investment
24. Have we identified the correct features or issues on the map? Are there additional features or issues that should be included?

The map below includes a number of key features, constraints, opportunities and issues relating to the current and possible future development in Kendal. It is a snapshot of Kendal now, and includes sites currently allocated for development but not yet completed.

View Map of Kendal



25. Which of these policy approaches for the good planning of Kendal to 2040 do you support and why?

Policy Approaches 3.1: Principles and Initiatives for good planning in Kendal to 2040

Read the policy approaches here

PA3.1/a: Build on the town’s strengths as the main centre serving South Lakeland and surroundings – supporting and widening the town’s offer in terms of community facilities, informal recreation for residents and visitors, sports facilities and local services including health care, education, shopping, cultural experiences, food, drink and entertainment.

PA3.1/b: Make sure there is land available to support local business and employment needs and opportunities that can boost the wider local/district economy, considering how the public and private sector can work together in delivering schemes.

PA3.1/c: An emphasis on larger scale housing development providing a mix of housing including affordable which is sensitively located and designed in a way which protects and enhances the town’s environmental assets, distinctive character, identity and landscape. 

PA3.1/d: Increase the diversification of housing mix to support diverse needs, including affordable housing, older people’s housing, and homes for smaller households.

PA3.1/e: A greater emphasis on brownfield and other windfall opportunities within the existing built up area, including within and on the edge of the town centre – including reusing underused sites and supporting housing development where it can support the vitality and viability of the town centre and the realisation of the Kendal Town Centre Strategy and Vision.

PA3.1/f: Strengthen the role of the town centre and its surroundings as a place to live as well as to visit, work, shop and use for leisure/recreation.

PA3.1/g: Relieve the town centre traffic congestion.

PA3.1/h: Realise regeneration opportunities, which can help reduce inequalities and boost the local and sub-regional economy.

PA3.1/i: Support the development of integrated walking and cycling networks including along the River Kent corridor, linking key facilities, green spaces and new developments, in order to make the town ‘friendly’ for walkers and cyclists.

PA3.1/j: Support for public realm enhancements within the town centre, especially in gateway locations.

PA3.1/k: Protect and enhance the heritage qualities of the town.

PA3.1/l: Assess the merits of the Kendal Northern Access Route in the context of supporting the sustainable growth of the town and meeting other Local Plan objectives. Safeguard a route if considered appropriate, or instead make a general statement of support if funding becomes available.

26. What do you think the role of the town centre should be and how should its role develop in response to trends and challenges such as on-line retailing? For example, if there are less shops in future, should housing and other non-retail uses such as leisure, food and drink be encouraged? (See section 4.6.6 of the Issues and Options Report)
27. Have we identified the right open spaces that need protecting in Kendal on the Policies Map (link below)?

If you feel there are other open spaces which need protection and are not included, or open spaces that merit designation as Local Green Spaces, please indicate on a map what these changes should be (using the file upload facility below).

File Upload: Map of potential changes to current open spaces

Please make sure your file is under 25MB
28. How can we complete any gaps in the green infrastructure network and cycling and walking networks in Kendal? Please suggest potential links between green spaces and also within cycling and walking networks (See section 4.4.5 of the Issues and Options Report).
29. If you feel a change to the current development boundary for Kendal is needed (see section 4.2.4 of the Issues and Options Report), please indicate on a map what these changes should be (using the file upload facility below).

File Upload: Map of potential changes to current development boundary for Kendal

Please make sure your file is under 25MB
30. If you feel changes to the current green gaps around Kendal are needed (see section 4.2.5 of the Issues and Options Report), please indicate on a map what these changes should be (using the file upload facility below).

File Upload: Map of potential changes to current green gaps around Kendal

Please make sure your file is under 25MB
31. Which of these policy options for possible directions of growth for Kendal do you support and why?

Policy Options 3.1: Potential Directions of Growth for Kendal

Read the policy options here

PO3.1/i: North/North East

PO3.1/ii: South/South East

PO3.1/iii: South West

PO3.1/iv: Central built up area and brownfield focus, including opportunity areas as identified in the Kendal Town Centre Strategy/Vision within and on the edge of town centre


So far there have been a number of sites suggested for allocation for development in the ‘Call for Sites’ in summer 2020. As part of this consultation, you can comment on sites already submitted and also suggest other sites which may be suitable for allocation in the Local Plan for housing or business development. For more information and opportunity to comment, please see section 4.2.6 in Theme 2 of the Issue and Options Report and questions 20 and 21.